Grains, Flour And Cereal List with Pictures – Glossary of Grains, Flour and Cereal Names

India is famous in all over world for its farming culture and the variety of grains, flour, and cereals. In this country the food is prepared by so many types of masalas, vegetables and grains.

Grains used to make the bread to eat it with vegetables. To make bread there are also so many varieties you can see like jwari bread or bajri bread or normal wheat bread (roti). Normally in India the wheat is used to make roti.

Grains, Flour And Cereal List with Pictures - Glossary of Grains, Flour and Cereal Names

what are Grains, Cereals and Flour?

lets see what are the grains, flour and cereals following.

  1. cereals are the type of farmed grass from which we can get grains.
  2. grains obtained from cereals, these are like seeds which is produced in cereals.
  3. At last the flour is the powered form of grains which is produced by grinding the grains.

the grains, cereals and flour is the part of the cycle of preparing roti from planting the cereals in the farm.

now let’s see some types of grains and cereals.

Types of Grains and Cereals

There are main 11 types of grains and cereals that are majorly used.

  1. Wheat: most commonly used grain which is used to make roti or chapati in India. Maida is also obtained from wheat.
  2. Rice: rice is also the most important part of normal Indian Diet. And India holds 2 largest rice production in all over world.
  3. Barley: Boasting twice the calcium and fiber of brown rice while containing 30% fewer calories, barley stands out as a nutritious choice known to reduce hunger and aid in weight loss.
  4. Oats: Widely used to make flour for cookies and pancakes or enjoyed as plain oatmeal, oats serve as a wholesome and healthy breakfast option.
  5. Millet: Also referred to as “Bajra,” millet is a popular gluten-free grain in India, often crafted into rotis and enjoyed with white butter or vegetable curries.
  6. Maize: Renowned for its sweetness, maize is a favored ingredient in Mexican cuisine, used to make tortillas, nachos, and remains a popular grain in North India.
  7. Quinoa: Recognized as a superfood, quinoa boasts an impressive 15% protein content by weight, gaining popularity among health-conscious individuals in India as a diet-friendly option.
  8. Sorghum: Commonly known as “Jowar,” this resilient grain can thrive in poorly nourished soils, making it an excellent choice for individuals with diabetes due to its high fiber content.
  9. Rye: Packed with protein, rye is gradually gaining attention in India. Rye flour is easily accessible online, and artisanal rye bread, often dark in color, can be found in select bakeries.
  10. Buckwheat: Popularly known as “kuttu ka atta,” buckwheat flour plays a key role in dishes during the festival of ‘Navratri,’ adding nutritional value to festive meals.
  11. Teff: As the tiniest cultivated cereal, teff is a gluten-free option rich in essential fatty acids. Sometimes interchanged with “Ragi,” teff finds use in diverse dishes, including idlis, dosas, bread, pancakes, and cookies.

Difference between Cereal and Pulses:

Highly rich in carbohydrates.
Largely produced and serves as a staple for a majority of the population.
Grows in almost all kinds of soils except in extreme climatic conditions.
Belongs to the Poaceae family.
Type of grass harvested for the hard fruit/seeds known as grains.
Wheat, rice, corn, barley, etc.


Highly rich in proteins and amino acids, low in carbohydrates.
Consumed and produced in smaller quantities compared to cereals.
Grown in pods that may have 1-12 seeds each. Suitable for all soils except dry-light soil.
Belongs to the Leguminosae family.
Crops harvested for seeds in a pod.
Lentils, beans, snow peas, chickpeas, etc.

How to Store?

We all know the two biggest enemies of storage of cereal, grains and flour are moisture and insects. Here are some tips to keep them away:

  • Thoroughly dry grains in the sun before storing.
  • Store in plastic containers and spread charcoal around to reduce moisture.
  • Apply mustard oil for long-term storage.
  • Avoid mixing new grains with old ones.
  • If using a steel container, paint it before storing to prevent rust.
  • Keep container openings minimal, but check grains regularly.
  • Close windows and open spaces to prevent mice.
  • Store with dry ‘Neem’ leaves in a shady, cool place.
  • Onions are known to work well with storing wheat grains; use about 1/2 kg onions for every 100 kgs of wheat.

Health Benefits

Incorporating a balanced mix of different grains, especially cereals, for breakfast provides an energy boost and a healthy start to the day. Cereals offer essential nutrients needed for overall well-being and sustained energy levels.

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